Based on a census taken in 2011 by Mr. Francisco Delgado Jimenez, graduate in Economy at the University of Costa Rica and Researcher of the Development Observatory, 4.301.712 people were registered as living in Costa Rica of which 104,143 were identified as indigenous people. This 2.4% of the national population is distributed amongst the national territory; although an approximate 1/3 of this group lives in one of the 24 indigenous villages of the country. With regard to the year 2000, there has been an increase in the indigenous populations by a 63%.
The size of the indigenous territories is heterogeneous, in terms of population and geography. By number of inhabitants, the Talamanca Bribri and Chirripo have an approximate 30% indigenous people.
In terms of geographic location, with an exception to Quitirrisi and Zapaton, the indigenous territories take place outside of the Central Valley, with a great richness in nature, difficult access and with areas of low population density.